MONZÓN


MONZÓN
MONZÓN (Monson, Montisson), city in Aragon, N.E. Spain. The history of three communities, Monzón, Barbastro, and Lérida, was closely interconnected. Information on Jewish settlement in Monzón, which had many connections with   the local Knights Templar, dates back to the second half of the 12th century. In 1232 the Monzón community joined the communities which pronounced a counter-ban against the scholars who banned the study of maimonides ' writings. For taxation purposes, the community formed part of a collecta (tax administrative unit) with the neighboring communities of Albalate de Cinca, Alcoletge, Pomar, Estadilla, and Granadella. In 1271 the annual tax paid to the crown by the community of Monzón amounted to 4,000 sólidos. A ruling of solomon b. abraham ibn adret (Responsa, pt. 3, no. 242; cf. Responsa of Isaac b. Sheshet, no. 19) indicates how the tax was paid in Monzón. Anti-Jewish riots occurred in Monzón in 1260. During the persecutions at the time of the black death (1348), the Jews of Monzón entrenched themselves inside their walled quarter and were thus saved. They suffered no harm during the 1391 persecutions, although a number of them subsequently became conversos . The community sent Don Joseph ha-Levi and R. Yom Tov Caracosa as its representatives to the disputation of tortosa in 1413–14, which had serious consequences for the Monzón community. In 1414 the antipope benedict xiii wrote to the bishop of Lérida authorizing him to turn the synagogue of Monzón into a church, since the majority of the community's members had become converted. He also ordered that property belonging to the burial society and the Talmud Torah should be given as beneficium to the chapel to be erected in the new church. However it seems that later the community revived. Forty-four names of Jewish householders are mentioned in the notarial records of 1465–78. No details are recorded regarding the departure of the Jews from Monzón on the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Baer, Studien, 149; Baer, Urkunden, 1 (1929), index; Neuman, Spain, index: Ashtor, Korot, 2 (1966), 174; F. Cantera, Sinagogas españolas (1955), 251–2; Vendrell Gallostra, in: Sefarad, 3 (1943), 124; Romano, ibid., 13 (1953), 72ff.; Lopez de Meneses, ibid., 14 (1954), 108; Cabezudo Astrain, ibid., 23 (1963), 266f., 274, 280, 282. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Pita Mercé, in: Ilerda, 44 (1983), 287–303; J.M. Viladés Castillo, in: Boletín de la Asociación EspanMONZÓNola de Orientalistas, 20 (1984), 307–15. (Haim Beinart)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monzon — Monzón ist der Name einer Ortschaft in Spanien in der Provinz Huesca (Aragonien), siehe Monzón eines Flusses in Peru, siehe Monzón (Fluss) eines argentinischen Boxers, siehe Carlos Monzón eines argentinischen Fußballspielers, siehe Fabián Monzón …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monzon — may refer to: Carlos Monzón, Argentine middleweight boxer. Luciano Fabián Monzón, Argentine football player. Gastón Monzón, Argentine football player. Monzón, a town in Spain. Monzón de Campos, a municipality in Spain. Monzon Diarra, a ruler of… …   Wikipedia

  • Monzón — Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monzon — Monzón Monzón Données générales Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • monzón — sustantivo masculino 1. Cada uno de los vientos que soplan en el sudeste asiático: monzón de invierno, monzón de verano …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Monzon — Monzon, Stadt in der spanischen Provinz Huesca (Aragon), links am Cinca; hat Befestigung, Citadelle, Fabrikation von Seife, Fayence u. Töpferwaaren; 3300 Ew.; sonst Versammlungsort der aragonischen Stände; hier 1623 Tractat zwischen Frankreich u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monzón — (spr. dsōn), Stadt in der span. Provinz Huesca, Bezirk Barbastro, am Cinca, über den eine 215 m lange Hängebrücke führt, an der Bahnlinie Saragossa Barcelona, mit einer gotischen Kirche, hochgelegener Burg (ehemals den Tempel herren gehörig),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monzon — Monzon, feste aragon. Stadt an der Cinca. mit 3500 E., früher Versammlungsort der aragon. Stände …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Monzon — ou Manson roi (1790 1808) de Ségou (dans le Mali actuel). Il fut en conflit permanent avec le royaume du Kaarta …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Monzón — Monzon ou Manson roi (1790 1808) de Ségou (dans le Mali actuel). Il fut en conflit permanent avec le royaume du Kaarta …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.